Who Built Stonehenge?
Who Built Stonehenge?
Something about Stonehenge inspires people’s wildest imagination. Though there are tons of myths and legends about Stonehenge, the true story of its creation may be even more amazing. Who built Stonehenge?
You may have heard any number of explanations of how Stonehenge came to be. False rumors credit any number of people with building the strange collection of stones–the Danes, Romans, Saxons, Greeks, Egyptians, and even Merlin himself have all been called the true creators of the landmark. In one old English legend, giants were turned into stone, resulting in the strange position of the stones we see today. People still connect Stonehenge with aliens and UFOs and gather there every year hoping to find the truth–after all, crop circles appear nearby all the time.
And even if you’ve heard that Druids, high priests of the Celtic race, built Stonehenge for sacrificial ceremonies, you still haven’t heard the truth. A connection between the Druids and Stonehenge is simply impossible–Stonehenge was complete more than a thousand years before the Celts ever even lived near the Stonehenge site. We know that from carbon dating.
Here is the real story of the creation of Stonehenge.
The Creation of Stonehenge
Though Druids still come to the Stonehenge site all these years later, honoring the likely use of Stonehenge by their forebears as a ritual site, they are not the origin of the strange stone formation. That honor is spread among three separate tribes of people: they are known as the Neolithic agrarians, the Beaker People, and the Wessex Peoples.
Built over a long period of time by a diverse group of people, Stonehenge is an amalgam of the spiritual beliefs and practices of many cultures, not just one. Starting in about 3000 B.C, the Neolithic agrarians started to build earthworks and other structures on what is called Windmill Hill, near the Stonehenge site. The structures these people built were beset with an obvious fascination for circles and symmetrical shapes. We find the bodies of these people buried in stone-encased tombs very near the Stonehenge site even today.
The Beaker People arrived from the European mainland at the end of the Neolithic Period. These people were the first in the area to bury the dead in individual graves, round graves marked by mounds of dirt and stone. These people are known for being highly organized and used metal tools. They were also sun worshipers who aligned the stones that make up Stonehenge to coincide with important calendar events, like mid summer and the winter solstices. These were the first people in the vicinity of Stonehenge who understood complex mathematical concepts, a necessity for building a structure like Stonehenge.
The final contributors to the Stonehenge site are the Wessex Peoples–they arrived in 1500 BC in the middle of the Bronze Age. Outside of the Mediterranean, the Wessex Peoples were the most advanced culture in the world. They were the first in the area to build cities along “roads”, showing their prowess for trading. It isn’t known how exactly the Wessex Peoples altered the Stonehenge site, but their obvious intelligence and use of complex calculations and construction methods prove they must have had something to do with the final arrangement of the stones.
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This entry was posted on Wednesday, February 9th, 2011 at 6:21 am and is filed under Bizarre, Holiday. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.