What Are Muslim Beliefs?

What Are Muslim Beliefs?

The religion of Islam is still a mystery to much of the Western world. Though there are nearly 2 billion Muslims and Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world, it is mostly misunderstood by Americans as the religion that terrorists belong to.

Much like Judaism, there is no set of laws which a person  must strictly adhere to in order to be a good Muslim. A recitation of something called the  Shahada will do just fine — this recitation is “There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet.”

Beyond this core statement of belief Islam can be summed up pretty well by something called the “Six Articles of Faith.” Even though it is not specifically referred to as such in the holy texts of Islam, the six articles of faith are generally thought to be the requirements for being a Muslim.

Six Articles of Faith

1. A Muslim believes in One God, Supreme and Eternal, Infinite and Mighty, Merciful and Compassionate, Creator and Provider.

2. A Muslim believes in all the Messengers and Prophets of God without any discrimination.

This is one of the more fascinating aspects of Islam — a belief in many other world religion’s figures, prophets, and messengers. Islam honors Jesus, Moses, Noah, and plenty of other Jewish and Christian prophets along with their own.

3. A Muslim believes in all scriptures and revelations of God, as they were complete and in their original versions.

4. A Muslim believes in the angels of God.

5. A Muslim believes in the day of Judgement.

6. A Muslim believes in “Qadaa” and “Qadar”.

Muslim Life and Salvation

For a Muslim, the object of life is to please Allah with every facet of their life — int his way, a person can gain access to Paradise. Muslims believe that a person’s life is recorded beginning at puberty, and a full  account of each person’s life will be used at the Day of Judgment to determine their ultimate fate.

Sacred Texts

The Qur’an is the main holy text of Islam. It contains the revelations of God to the prophet Mohammad and along the way contains some of the most beautiful language of any holy text. The Qur’an contains many narratives that would be familiar to Jews and Christians, including accounts of the lives of Jesus and Moses, the story of the Great Flood, etc. My favorite scripture from the Qur’an is 16:65 — “Allah sends down rain from the skies, and gives therewith life to the earth after its death: verily in this is a Sign for those who listen.”

If you are curious about Islam, check out more facts about the world’s second largest faith at IslamCity.com.

This post is part of a series of articles about Religious Beliefs. The other posts in this series are: