Different cultures have different myths and gods that they believed in. There have been so many pantheons of gods and goddesses throughout the world, each with varying personalities and characteristics. Yet the gods in each culture usually represented similar themes. Most cultures have had gods that represented love, wisdom, war, strength, beauty, and even time. The most popular gods of time came from the Greek, Roman, and Egyptian cultures. The Greek god of time was the Titan Chronos, the Roman god of time was Saturn, and the Egyptian god of time was Thoth.
Who Was Chronos
There are several spellings to his name. There is Chronos, Kronos, and Cronus, all of which mean the same god. Chronos was a Titan god, the beings that were in existence before the Greek gods. He was the god of all time and the universe. Chronos became ruler of the cosmos after he killed his father Ouranos.
Because of a prophecy about being killed by one of his children, Chronos feared being deposed as he had done his own father. So to prevent the prophecy from coming true, he ate each of his children as soon as they were born. His youngest son was Zues whom Rhea, wife of Chronos, managed to save from being devoured. She hid him on the island of Krete and fed Chronos a stone that was wrapped in the blanket of a baby.
Years later, Zeus released the Titans from the pit and made Chronos king of the Elysian Islands which was the home of the dead.
Who Was Saturn
Saturn was the Roman god of time. He was the son of Uranus and the father of Jupiter, Neptune, and Pluto. Saturn ruled the Roman gods before Jupiter. His weapon that he is commonly depicted holding is a scythe, which is where we get the scythe image for the grim reaper. Saturn was even known as Old Father Time.
Of his three children, Jupiter represented Air, Neptune represented water, and Pluto represented death. These were all things that time could not kill.
Saturn was honored at a roman festival called Saturnalia which was held during the midwinter months. It was a joyous festival and everything from businesses to schools closed for a week.
The mythology of Saturn was heavily influenced by the Greek mythology. There are many similarities between Saturn and Zeus. But in Roman mythology, Saturn was overthrown by his own children. He then fled to Rome where he established the Golden Age.
Who Was Thoth
The Egyptian’s had numerous gods and some of them represented certain aspects of time. However, the one who represented time as well as magic and wisdom was Thoth. He was created during the beginning of time by Ra. The name Thoth is actually a Greek corruption fo the name Tahuti.
Thoth, along with his consort Maat (goddess of Truth), produced eight children. Of all of these, the most important was Amen, The Hidden One. He was later worshiped in Thebes as Lord of the Universe.
Thoth was depicted as a man with the head of an ibis bird and carried a pen and scrolls. He is shown in all the major scenes with all the gods and he recorded all that he saw. Most importantly, he was always present at the judgment of the dead.
In Osirian myths, Thoth served as the chief advisor of Osiris and even served as the messenger of the gods. Besides representing time, magic, and wisdom, he also represents writing and is credited with creating the first hieroglyphs.