There are actually many different treatments for overactive bladder, all of which we’ll discuss in this article. There are three main types of overactive bladder treatments: behavioral interventions, medications and surgery. Therefore, people suffering from OAB have many different options when it comes to OAB treatments.
Behavioral Treatments fo Overactive Bladders
The OAB patient modifies his or her behavior in a way to manage the overactive bladder condition. Often, these “behavioral interventions” are minor like increasing fiber intake or reducing fluid intake, though others involve special exercises or cathaterization.
- Reducing fluid intake and reducing your intake of the wrong kind of fluids will help with your bladder condition. Caffeine drinks and alcoholic drinks are worst for people with overactive bladder. Sometimes, urinary tract infections lead to OAB, so treatment can be similar to the treatments for infections. Drink plenty of water and avoid soft drinks, coffee, beer and liquor.
- Eating more fiber or fiber supplements also helps you metabolize what you ingest. Often, constipation comes with the overactive bladder, so fiber helps relieves some of the secondary symptoms of OAB.
- A process known as “double voiding” often works for overactive bladder sufferers. When you double-void, you go to the restroom and urinate. Waiting a couple of minutes for your bladder to refill, you then urinate a second time in rapid succession. For those with small bladders or weak bladders, this process often helps relieve many incontinence situations.
- Some patients schedule urination trips, instead of urinating when the urge strikes you. Urination in a set pattern often helps those with overactive bladder, because your biological clock get into a pattern. Also, urination on a scheduled pattern every two to three hours help those without “urge control” or who have trouble getting to the restroom in time, because they simply use the restroom before such a situation arises.
- Losing weight also helps, because there appears to be a link between being overweight and having OAB. Of course, this isn’t always the case, but if you suffer from OAB and you’re overweight, dripping some pounds might help.
- Buying absorbent pads is helpful for those with the most distressing and embarrassing kind of overactive bladder disorder. If you have trouble holding it, this technique will save you embarrassment.
- Strengthening your pelvic muscles through exercise also helps. Even when your bladder muscles contract due to OAB, if you have strong pelvic muscles and a strong urinary sphincter muscle, you can hold your urination until you reach the restroom. This is a longer term solution (2 months before results), but can help in many situations.
- Catheterization is a method you might not relish, but your doctor might suggest it in certain cases. The catheter helps by receiving certain amounts of urine, taking pressure off your bladder. This process is safe and without major discomfort.
Medical Treatments of OAB
There are several medical treatments of OAB which helps those suffering from over active bladder. These treatments range from skin patches to Botox, which paralyzes the muscles in your bladder.
- Oxytrol or Oxybutynin Skin Patch
- Enablex or Darifenacin
- Detrol or Tolterodine
- Sanctura or Trospium
- Ditropan or Oxybutynin
- Vesicare or Solifenacin
- Botox or Botulinum Toxin – Not yet approved by the FDA
How Do You Treat Overactive Bladder – Bladder Surgery
Augmentation Cystoplasty is a major surgery which relieves your bladder capacity problems by making part of your bowel into part of your bladder. This process often requires the use of a catheter. Augmentation cystoplasty is fairly rare, because it’s a major surgical procedure with major side effects. Only those with the most several OAB are recommended to have this procedure.
Sacral Nerve Stimulation is a surgery which modulates the nerve impulses between the tissue in your bladder and the spinal cord. A wire is placed along this axis. This wire sends electrical impulses similar to a pacemaker, with the intention of signaling your bladder artificially.