Sunburn comes in two forms: mild sunburn and extreme sunburn. You need to treat each condition in a different way, so we’ll discuss treating sunburn in mild and extreme cases.
Most people in their lifetimes get sunburned at once point or another, whether it’s a mild or bad case, learn how to treat sunburn. You might have children some day who get a bad case of sunburn, even if you don’t.
If left untreated, sunburn causes damage to the skin, which can lead to infections or to later skin cancer. Prompt treatment helps the suffering individual mitigate some of the painful effects of sunburn, easing their suffering and speeding their recovery.
Treating Mild Sunburn
Treating mild sunburn is easy, because the skin has been burned by ultra-violet or uv rays. Because the skin has absorbed the uv rays, the skin continues to cook for a while, even after getting in from the Sun, so it needs to be cooled down.
Using a cold damp cloth over the effected area is a good place to start. Sooth the skin with medical ointment, like aloe vera or a topical analgesic. This soothes the skin and removes some of the pain, while moisturizing your burnt skin.
If the pain is quite bad, take a painkiller to try and numb the pain. A lot of people are also familiar with after-sun creams, which are available at any supermarket. The best after-sun creams have aloe vera and calamine in them. This cools down and sooth the skin that has been effected. Remember to keep applying these treatments several times a day, to promote quick recovery.
After getting sunburned, it’s wise to stay out of the sun for a while, to give the skin a little time to heal.
Treating Severe Sunburn
Treating severe sunburn is a different story. When someone has extreme sunburn, they are going to be dehydrated, along with feeling feverish. The most important thing is to get out of the heat and to get re-hydrated. Prolonged heat and dehydration causes all sorts of problems for a person, and puts them in danger of heat exhaustion and heat strokes.
Therefore, an individual suffering from extreme sunburn should drink water regularly, to ensure they get hydrated. Ice water helps to bring down core body temperatures. After hydrating themselves, they should apply a damp cloth to the effected area, as well as using after-sun soothing creams that were mentioned above.
Take aspirin or a fever reducer to reduce body fevers.
The last thing anyone wants on their holiday is an infected sunburn. Your sunburned skin is going to start to itch, when it begins to heal, but scratching blistered skin can lead to infection, so try to fight itches with topical sprays and calamine gels.
If the sunburn does not improve after the above treatments, we recommend going to your local medical centre or medical professional. In the case of the blistered sunburn, it only takes one time to avoid that for life, but getting healed from that one case requires treatment, time and patience.
The bottom line is to avoid getting sunburned in the first place. Apply lots of sun cream and keep hydrated. Sunburn is dangerous, and even one case of blistered skin doubles you chance of skin cancer in your lifetime. Luckily, avoiding a sunburn is easy to avoid, in most cases.
If you do get a bad sunburn, it’s important not to panic. Treat the effected area carefully and calmly. Your skin has amazing powers of healing, though if a sunburn has peeled off the top layers of your skin, it’s going to take about a week or more for your skin to regenerate those damaged layers of skin.